Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science, University of California, San Diego
Professorial Fellow, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne

Back to measures



Sports Play and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK)


SPARK is a research-based, public health organization dedicated to creating, implementing, and evaluating programs that promote lifelong wellness.

SPARK strives to improve the health of children, adolescents, and adults by disseminating evidence-based Physical Education, After School, Early Childhood, and Coordinated School Health programs to teachers and recreation leaders serving Pre-K through 12th grade students. http://www.sparkpe.org/

The SPARK surveys were used in the original NHLBI-funded study, 1989-1995. The survey covers physical activity and psychosocial mediators.

Main Citations:

Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Alcaraz, J.E., Kolody, B., Faucette, N., and Hovell, M.F. (1997). The effects of a 2-year physical education program (SPARK) on physical activity and fitness in elementary school students. American Journal of Public Health, 87 , 1328-1334.

Sallis, J.F., Alcaraz, J.E., McKenzie, T.L., and Hovell, M.F. (1999). Predictors of change in children’s physical activity over 20 months: Variations by gender and level of adiposity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 16, 222-229.


SPARK Survey: use and scoring of measures


Description of survey administration and scoring techniques.    

SPARK Psychometrics

  Means (SD) and intraclass reliabilities of spark items and scales, Spring 1993    
    SPARK Activity Checklist
  Self-report survey of students' physical activity in- and outside of school.    
    SPARK Parent Survey
  Parent-completed survey of their child and family's physical activity.    
    SPARK Student Survey
  Student-completed survey of their feelings about physical activity and preferences for active vs. sedentary behavior.    
    SPARK Yesterday's Activities Checklist
  Self-report survey of students' physical activity in- and outside of school during the past day.    
    SPARK Student Survey - Spanish Translation
  Translation by laboratory of Jeanne Freeland-Graves, PhD, RD., The University of Texas at Austin. Please direct questions to jfg@mail.utexas.edu or 512-471-0657.    


Back to measures