Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science, University of California, San Diego
Professorial Fellow, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne

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Audit of Physical Activity Resources for Seniors (APARS)


The Audit of Physical Activity Resources for Seniors (APARS) assessed the physical activity environment in Senior Living Residences (SLRs). Audits were conducted in 29 SLRs and inter-rater reliability was assessed.


Main Citation

Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Rosenberg, D., Leak, C.R., Saelens, B.E., Chapman, J.E., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C.  (2011).  Assessing health-related resources in senior living residences.  Journal of Aging Studies, 25, 206-214. 


APARS Audit Tool


The aim of this tool is to assess the availability of physical activity opportunities within senior Congregate Living Facilities. The tool examines the inside and outside physical activity opportunities within each facility. In addition, the tool assesses the opportunities that exist to travel offsite for activities.


APARS User Manual

  This manual is not intended to provide definitions for all items. Rather, its purpose is to clarify items of possible confusion. Additionally, it provides a guide for pre-visit preparation and how to begin the visit.    
    APARS Supplemental Reliability Table

  Descriptive Statistics and Inter-Rater Reliability for APARS Items and Scales    


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